Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy

The 1930's were productive years for the CAOT. Dr. Howland, in his presidential address to the members in September 1938, expressed his satisfaction that “... during the years I have been President, I have seen all of the declarations in our Charter carried out successfully". By 1932 Canadian occupational therapists were recognizing a need for a Canadian publication concerning occupational therapy. At first the idea put forward to the Board of Management was that the therapists, together with interested physicians, would write and publish a textbook. A committee was formed and table of contents drafted. However, because of the difficulties encountered, this scheme was abandoned in favour of special articles which would be written and published in a quarterly magazine. This was The Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy (CJOT). The first issue was dated September 1933, and was under the editorship of Dr. Thomas G. Heaten, Having successfully launched the CJOT, Dr. Heaton directed its publication for years after which Dr. Ruth Franks was appointed Editor, a position she faithfully continued until 1948. Since then, an occupational therapist has always assumed this responsibility.

The CJOT has had a long and varied history and celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in 1983. In spite of the financial strain on the CAOT from the very beginning, it always has been viewed as one of the vital activities of the CAOT. In 1934 Dr. Howland observed:

Despite the expense of the Journal and the fact that it has proved a severe strain on your resources, there is no doubt in my mind but that it is doing more for occupational therapy than any other method that could be suggested.

In the more difficult years, various strategies were employed in an attempt to reduce the publication costs. In 1937 the number of issues per year was reduced from four to two at the same time The Bulletin of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association was amalgamated with the CJOT for five issues; it was not until 1947 that the CJOT was again published quarterly. In 1954 an approach was made to the Canadian Association of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation expressing interest in a joint publication. This latter endeavour does not appear to have progressed beyond the enquiry. The CJOT has continued to be published and is to this day a financial strain on the CAOT.

I.M, Robinson, LLD.,B.A.,OT(C)
Muriel Driver Memorial Lecture 1981